The social model of society in Denmark is unique in that working conditions are largely regulated by agreements between social partners. For example, working hours and minimum wages are determined through social dialogue.
Labor migrants in Denmark are subject to the same labor standards and collective agreements as Danish workers. Employees of international companies who are on a business trip in Denmark are guaranteed the same working conditions as Danish citizens. The level of social security in Denmark is very high. Citizens of non-EEA countries who are legally resident in Denmark have the same rights to social assistance as Danish citizens (they are generally subject to Danish social security legislation from the very beginning of their work). However, there are waiting periods for certain types of assistance and services (medical services, unemployment benefits, assistance to persons with disabilities and victims of occupational injuries). Citizens of non-EEA countries are not covered by public health insurance until six weeks after registration. Migrant workers must be provided with alternative health insurance before they are eligible for public health services.
Unemployment insurance is financed from sources other than taxes and mandatory contributions from employers. Employees must become members of the Danish unemployment Fund. Foreign citizens cannot receive an age pension from Denmark in the country of residence, if, having worked in Denmark for some time and they left there. The right to social assistance depends on the length of residence of the migrant worker in Denmark.
Labor rights violations and exploitation
Trafficking in human beings is an urgent problem for Denmark. In 2002, the Parliament passed a new law that clearly defined and criminalized trafficking in persons. However, the application of the provisions of the new law has certain difficulties, for example, unsatisfactory law enforcement work hinders the implementation of the provisions of the new law. The government does not provide medical or legal assistance to victims of trafficking, nor does it have a state organization to deal with victims. Several non-governmental organizations provide services to victims in individual cases.