Upon arrival in Slovakia, the foreign worker (as well as each member of his family) must obtain a residence permit from the local police authority for foreigners. Read below how to do this.
Please note that check-in must be done within 3 days of arrival.
A foreign worker who has legally lived in Slovakia for at least 5 years may apply for a permanent residence permit. Persons who permanently reside in the country do not need to obtain a work permit and they have no restrictions on employment in Slovakia.
Family reunification in Slovakia
A spouse, dependants, and partners of the opposite sex do not usually immediately obtain a work permit on the basis of a relationship with a foreign worker. These persons must obtain their own work permits in order to be able to find employment in Slovakia.
Labour rights and social protection
The right to receive all types of social assistance in Slovakia is granted to foreign workers who have a permanent residence permit. Persons with a temporary residence permit have limited rights to social assistance. For help, it is necessary to apply to the State social support service at the place of residence of the person.
The issue of employment of seasonal workers is regulated by the Agreement between, for example, Ukraine and the Slovak Republic on mutual employment of citizens of March 1997. the Annual quota for employment of citizens of Ukraine is from 200 to 1800 people, depending on the type of employment and professions. For seasonal workers, there are simplified rules for obtaining a work permit.
Labour rights violations and exploitation
Due to its close location and cultural ties, Slovakia has a significant number of labor migrants from Ukraine, Russia, Belarus, etc. According to various estimates, about 75% of labor migrants from different countries work illegally. Although the government had a rather strict policy with regard to illegal immigrants, the number of foreign workers who worked in Slovakia far exceeded the established quotas. Because of these bureaucratic difficulties, citizens of different countries often use the services of travel companies and come to Slovakia on tourist visas, but for the purpose of employment.
Illegal status made foreign labour migrants vulnerable to violations of their rights by employers. Slovak employers are responsible for a significant number of wage violations in Europe. In addition, law enforcement agencies have recently introduced stricter controls on legal and illegal workers from other countries (frequent checks of migrants ‘ places of residence), often resulting in the marginalization and stigmatization of labour migrants.